Manchester, New Hampshire
Manchester was an industrial center for New Hampshire, home to the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company and basically its growth and planning were dictacted by the company. Manchester was a junction for the Concord & Montreal and Boston & Maine Railroads, with the Concord & Montreal eventually being brought under the Boston & Maine, and was the target for many competitor railroads to try to pull some freight traffic from the mills onto their own rail lines. However the Concord & Montreal sucessfully kept the competitors at bay by building its own rail lines, creating pacts, or by pursuading state legislatures.
Manchester's original passenger station was built in 1855 and was located on the north side of Granite Street. At that time, Depot Street was located where the Center of New Hampshire now stands. The Boston & Maine Railroad took to constructing a new Union Station in Manchester, which opened in March of 1898 on the south side of Granite Street. The Manchester Street Railway later had a waiting room built at the end of one of the platforms in 1908. The two stations stood side by side for a short time before the old station was demolished, making way for the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company's company playground.
Depot Street was moved with the construction of the new station. The original street was renamed Traction Street because the Manchester Street Railway's carhouse, and Cedar Street was renamed west of Elm Street.
Sadly, Manchester's Union Station was torn down in the fall of 1962. At that time, Bradlee's department store was built on the old rail yard that was adjacent to the station in the corner of Auburn and Elm Streets. Another notable change in Manchester's landscape was the redevelopment of the Amoskeag mills. When the urban renewal hit the millyard, the canals were filled in creating Commercial Street and parking for the entire millyard. When the upper canal was filled in, the railroad tracks were shifted onto the edge of the canal bed and Canal Street was widened.In 1980, when commuter rail came to New Hampshire, the site of Union Station was used for the simple dirt platform to handle commuters.